Hill Areas of Assam

Development Commissioner for


Article 275 (I) Guidelines


Article 275(2) (I) Guidelines
No. 14011/9/2001-SG&C
Government of India
Ministry of Tribal Affairs



D Wing 2nd Floor,
Shastri Bhawan,
Dated: 2.7.2002


The Secretaries, Tribal Development Department of the States
The Commissioners, Tribal Development Department of the States
The Project Directors of all the ITDPs/ITDAs.

D.O. No. 14020/7(3)/2009-SG-I

Sub: Guidelines for release and utilization of grants under provision 1 of Article 275(1) of the Constitutions of India.


1.    Please refer to your letter No. HAD. 370/2008/25 dated 23rd June’ 2009 regerding allocation under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution of India during 2009-10 for the Hill Area Department of the State.
2.    The allocation of the State Government of Assam under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution during the current financial year i.e. 2009-10 is Rs. 3483 lakhs which has been communicated to the WPT&BC Dept of the State vide D.O. letter of even no. dated 5th June’ 2009, as per the practice for many years to correspond with one Dept of the State for better co-ordination and monitoring. It was presumed that the WPT&BC Dept would by itself allocate 18% of the total allocation for the Hill Area Dept. as they have doing in previous years.
3.    During the current financial year 2009-10, out of the total allocation of Rs. 3483 lakhs, an amount of Rs. 627 lakhs is allocated for hill area department and Rs. 2856 lakhs is for WPT&BC Dept.
4.    In view of above, I would request you to furnish project proposal for the year 2009-10 in the prescribed broad sheet ( copy enclosed for ready reference ) within the allocated amount for the Hill Area, adhering to the 2002 guidelines read with 2008 guidelines issued by the Ministry ( copies enclosed ). You are also requested to submit utilization certificate / expenditure statement for the fund released during 2008-09 along with physical progress report. It may  also be certified that the proposal has administrative/ financial/ technical clearance of the State Government.
5.    I shall be grateful if you could please furnish the proposal  at the earliest so that the Ministry could be in a position to release funds to Hill Area Department.

Yours sincerely

( Dr.  Bachittar Singh )



The Secretaries, Tribal Development Department of the States
The Commissioners, Tribal Development Department of the States
The Project Directors of all the ITDPs/ITDAs.

D.O. No. 14020/7(3)/2009-SG-I

Sub: Guidelines for release and utilization of grants under provision 1 of Article 275(1) of the Constitutions of India.





In the changed scenario of globalization and liberalization of the national economy, it becomes all the more critical that the comparative vulnerability of the ST population is addressed in a more focused and integrated manner. In view of the human development indices of the tribal population being lower than the rest of the population and the infrastructure in the tribal areas not being at par with others, it is necessary to dovetail and direct resources in a synergetic manner to bridge the gap in infrastructure in critical areas so that capacity of the economy in tribal areas to meaningfully and effectively absorb funds is substantially enhanced. In supersession of the circulars/letters/guidelines issued earlier on the subject mentioned above, the following guidelines are hereby framed for utilization of grants released to the State Governments under provision 1 of article 275(1) of the Constitutions of India.

(i) Grants under Articles 275 (1) will be an additionality to Normal Central Assistance (NCA) to State Plans to meet the cost of such schemes/Projects as may be undertaken by the States and approve by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs for the purpose of the welfare and development of the Scheduled Tribes or raising the level of administration of the Scheduled Areas.

(ii)    The grants will essentially be used for creation and up gradation of critical infrastructure required to bring the tribal areas at par with the rest of the country. The infrastructure will be upgraded so as to enhance capacity of the economy in tribal areas to meaningfully and more effectively absorb funds, including institutional finance and thereby create opportunities conducive to income and employment generation. Due emphasis will be given to infrastructure in the sectors critical to enhancement of human development indices such as in health, education, income generation, etc.

(iii)    The specific  projects/schemes along with physical and financial plans showing sector wise and year wise phasing of activities for funding under Article 275 (I)should form an integral part of the overall TSP and, therefore, be prepared along with the annual Plan of the State. The entire TSP of each of the State would be discussed and approved by the Ministry, preferably at the time of finalization of the Annual plan of the State.  The flow of funds under Article 275(I) to the relevant sectors in each of the State would be determined and approved accordingly.

(iv)    People’s participation is the central thread around which the entire fabric of tribal development id to be woven. The approach towards tribal development should, therefore, should ensure harnessing this extra-ordinary strength of community living/ participation inherited and inculcated by the tribal population. While planning and implementing the schemes out of the grants under Article 275 (1), due regard should be given to the provisions of The Panchayats Act, 1992 and of The Panchayats (  Extension to the Scheduled - Areas ) Act, 1996.

(v)    Adoption of an integrated and holistic approach for preparing micro plans for ITDP/MADA/Clusters through multi-disciplinary teams is sine qua-non-for effective targeting if the projects/schemes. The long-term micro-plans, showing year-wise and sector-wise physical and financial components, should earmark the funds flowing from the State Plane, SCA, Article 275(1) and under various Central Sectors/Centrally sponsored Schemes of different Ministries of the Central Government.

(vi)    Each State, Region, ITDA, MADA and Cluster a requires a specific plan, based on the felt local needs such a slow literacy, poor health services, critical gaps in sectors like irrigation, roads, bridges, electricity, technical/vocational institutes, forests, sports promotion, etc. Efforts should, therefore, be made to identify thrust areas for each ITDA MADA and Cluster and on that basis for the region of the State, as a whole.

(vii)    The thrust areas so identified should form central theme of the planning and specific projects accordingly prepared. Attempts should be made to dovetail resources available so as to ensure perceptible changes in the tribal areal a against the practice of spreading resources too thin under sectoral programmes in a disintegrated fashion.

(viii)    Expenditure on items recurring in nature is strictly prohibited. However, as amount maximum up to 2% of the Grant may be used for project management, training, MIS, administrative expenses and monitoring and evaluation.

(ix)    The concerns/issues effecting women should occupy central position in preparation of the projects/ schemes, including the involvement of women right from planning to the implementation stage. The projects should be so planned that substantial benefits, at least 30% in proportion, are targeted for women.

(x)    It has been observed that the Finance or the Planning Departments of various States often take a long time in release of funds to the implementing agencies, thereby defeating the very purpose of adopting a project approach. The release of funds by the Ministry would, therefore, be strictly linked to the actual performance in the implementation of the schemes, including timely submission of utilisation certificates.

(xi)    On the basis of ITDA-wise integrated plans prepared through micro-planning, projects can be taken up to bridge the gap in infrastructure in critical areas such as education, health, SSIs, forests, forest villages, drinking water, electrification, communication, rural marketing, agriculture, animal husbandry, sports promotion, food processing , processing of MFPs, human resource development in technical and vocational spheres, water harvesting, resettlement of displaced person, tribal land management, etc. Needless to add, only those projects will be approved which fulfill  the broad parameters as enumerated in these guidelines and are normally not specifically taken up under the State Plan of other schemes of different Ministries of the Government of India. The maintenance of infrastructure maximum up to 10% of the entitlement of the State would also be permissible, subject to prior approval of the Ministry in the Proposal.

(xii)     The initiative for imparting quality education to the tribal students through 82 Model Residential schools started in the LXth Year Plan period would be continued as far as establishment of these, schools are concerned and proportionate recurring and non-recurring grants will continue to be provided as per the existing norms. The other academic institutions with similar objectives  such as Navodaya Vdhyalays would also be supported, if such Vidhyalays are set up for tribal students.

(xiii)    The TSP component of various departments/ sectors under the State Plan should be put in a different Demand Head in the budget of the tribal Development Department of the State. An amount equivalent to 10% of the total allocation under Art 275 (1) will be earmarked and retained at the Ministry’s level. This amount will further be allocated for innovative projects amongst only those States, who adopt the TSP approach in letter and in spirit by ensuring that the entire TSP funds, at least in equal proportion to the population of tribal’s in the State, ate placed in one budget head under the administrative control of the Tribal Development Department of the State Government for more integrated and focused planning and implementation of projects/schemes. This 10% earmarked fund will e used as instrument to bring about  changes in the institutional namework for adoption of TSP and be allocated only amongst the States actually releasing, in the previous financial year, at least more then 75% of the approved Tribal Sub-plan funds to the implementing agencies through the budget head of the Tribal Development Department of the State. In case of tribal majority States, utilization of 75% of the grants released under the Central Sector Schemes of this Ministry would quality consideration of innovative projects.

(xiv)    The remaining 90% of the funds will be allocated am the States on the basis of the ST population in each State percentage to the total tribal population of the country.

(Rajeev K.)

Copy forwarded for information and necessary action to-
The Secretary, Planning Commission, Yojana Bhavan, New Delhi
The Secretary, National Commission for SCs and STs
All Secretaries of the Central Ministries/Departments
The Secretaries, Finance Department of the States having ST population
The Secretaries, Planning Department of the States having ST population
The Directors, Tribal research Institutes of the States.


(Rajeev K.)


Copy forwarded for information to-




Submission of Project under Art.275(1) of the Constitution

(a):   Proposed activities-(These are additional modification over the activities mentioned under the guidelines dates 2.7.2002)

(i) Generation of Community welfare assets like residential schools.

(ii) Maintenance of schools.

(iii) Providing skilled teaching including in tribal language.

(iv) Nutritional support to needy children, mothers and elderly people.

(v) Community Grain Storage.

(vi) Assured Drinking Water etc.

(vii) Other activities meant for welfare of Tribal population different from conventional development etc.

(viii) Preferential support to proposals which would strengthen and upgrade levels of administration.

(ix) State Government may utilize up to 10% of the total allocation for activities involving expenditure in order to implement the Scheduled Tribes & Other Traditional Forest Dweller (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act.2006.


(b): Essential requirement/certificate   

While submitting the proposal, following criteria should essentially be fulfilled.

(i)    The projects should have direct relevance to the tribals and in particular fulfil the needs of the vulnerable tribal groups.

(ii)    The project site should be located in a service- deficient tribal area/ITDP area/MADA/Clusters/other Scheduled Areas. In case there is a deviation, the specific reasons for this should be given.

(iii)    The project proposal should have the clearance by the competent authorities in the State Governments namely financial, administrative and technical; (e.g. construction cost estimates to be based on schedule of rates PWD)

(iv)    The project proposals should not duplicate any other project or scheme and should not be funded simultaneously by any other source in the State/Central Governments, however dovetailing of funds from different sources may be ensured in the interest of optimum utilization of resources.

(v)    The State Governments should ensure that the number of projects proposed should be accommodated within the State’s allocation.

(vi)    If the projects are above the State allocation, the State Governments are required invariably to indicate an order of priority of projects based on their importance/ requirement, in which they shall be considered by this Ministry. In case the State/ U T Government does not indicate ranking of the projects, the Ministry will consider the serial number as an order of ranking.

(vii)     All project being equal, priority may be given to continuing projects over new projects.

(viii)    Projects should be so planned that substantial benefit at least outlay is 30% of the outlay should be targeted for women.

(ix)    Requirement of recurring cost in EMRS should also be indicated separately.

(c): Format for proposals

Proposal should be submitted in enclosed Spread-sheet.

(d): Expectations from State

*Proposals  to be sent in Spread-sheet

*No individual proposals to be sent

*Proposals to be sent by March

*Formulate and operate efficient monitoring of programmes of Art.275(1)

(e): Action by MOTA:

*Proposals received to be scrutinized to ensure that Art.275 (1) is utilized in focused areas.

*Aim to fully fund and complete projects.

*Accord clearance by April, provided UCs have been submitted.

*If necessary, discussion with States.

Click here to download the Spread Sheet indicating programmes to be sent by the State Govt. for funding under Article 275(I) of Constituion of India.





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Contact Address

Development Commissioner for Hill Areas of Assam
Housefed Complex
Dispur, Guwahati 781006
Tel: +91-361-2261428
Fax: +91-361-2261428
Email: dcha@assam.gov.in

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